New Research

Women are almost half of the workforce. They are the sole or co-breadwinner in half of American families with children. They receive more college and graduate degrees than men. Yet, on average, women continue to earn considerably less than men. IWPR examines the reasons for the gender wage gap and tracks it over time in a series of fact sheets updated twice per year. According to our research, if change continues at the same slow pace as it has done for the past fifty years, it will take almost 40 years—or until 2059—for women to finally reach pay parity. For women of color, the rate of change is even slower: Black and Hispanic women are not projected to reach pay parity until next century. We shouldn’t have to wait that long. Dive into the research to learn about why the gender wage gap exists and how we can end it in our lifetimes.

Despite Increased Labor Force Participation Among Women, Gender Wage Gap Persists, Even in the Occupations They Dominate

Released annually, the IWPR fact sheet on the gender gap by occupation provides a snapshot of the median weekly earnings for the most common occupations held by men women and men. Women’s earnings are significantly lower than men’s in nearly all occupations, a gender wage gap compounded by race and ethnicity.

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Top 5 occupations with biggest gender wage gap

  1. Financial Mangers (63.6%)
  2. Retail Salesperson (71.7%)
  3. Managers, all others (76.3%)
  4. Teacher Assistants (81.0)
  5. *Chief Executives (80.5)

Progress on Closing the Gender Wage Gap Remains Stalled

Figure 1. The Gender Earnings Ratio, 1960-2018, Full-Time Workers

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“Since 1987, IWPR’s research on the gender wage gap and occupational segregation has changed the conversation on women’s pay and provided policymakers, journalists, and advocates the data they need to better inform the debate on women’s earnings. Discover more of our findings about pay equity and discrimination.”

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